Monday, October 27, 2014

Pondering the Angelus with Art: the Unexpected Encounter

In this striking detail of the Annunciation by Francesco Mochi, we find Mary startled by the arrival of the angel in her private quarters. She is still in the process of rising from her chair, clasping the Bible closely (how much closer the Word will be just moments from now!) as she turns to the unexpected messenger.

The full scene consists of two statues, carefully positioned to capture the light of their original location in the Cathedral of Orvieto. The statue of Gabriel, almost fierce in its intensity—and in its height of six feet—was completed in 1605 and has been called "the first Baroque statue." The corresponding statue of Mary (almost a foot taller than Gabriel!) was not even commissioned for another three years.

For more detail (in Italian; avail yourself of a translation service!) and for a picture of both statues in their relative positions, see this article by Stefano Torselli.

Photo by Sr Sergia Ballini, FSP.

Monday, October 13, 2014

Pondering the Angelus with Art

St. Hedwig's Church in Chicago provides this week's Angelus meditation with its Bavarian stained-glass depiction of the Annunciation, one of the many striking windows in a parish church built for a Polish community in 1901.

Monday, October 6, 2014

Pondering the Angelus with Art

14th century fresco, Church of San Francesco, Arezzo, Italy
The city of Arezzo appears in the "Little Flowers of St Francis": it was a city plagued by civil war, but St Francis saw that the real problem was that it was teeming with demons. Rather than go there himself, he commissioned the humble Brother Sylvester to stand before the city gates and command the trouble-makers, in the name of Almighty God, to leave in the town. Needless to say, there are still bonds of loyalty to St Francis in Arezzo!

The exquisite Annunciation fresco high on the right wall of the Basilica of St Francis in Arezzo shows Mary near her "prayer corner." There is an elegant lectern holding the Word of God, but Mary seems to have stepped just outside the canopied area to receive Gabriel's message. Instead of a canopy of masonry, it will be the Holy Spirit who overshadows Mary. Prepared for the Word of God by the Word of God, she is about to answer, "Be it done to me according to your word."

Monday, September 29, 2014

Pondering the Angelus with the Angels

Today is the feast of the Archangels Michael, Gabriel and Raphael, the three heavenly messengers who are identified by name in the Bible. While Michael is represented in the Old and New Testaments as a princely defender of God's people, and Raphael (in the Old Testament book of Tobit) as the companion of wayfarers and bringer of remedies, Gabriel's role in Old and New Testament is that of helping humans grasp a message from God. (Gabriel is also considered a divine messenger within Islam.) The three messengers are called "archangels" by Catholic tradition not because of their rank among the angels, but because of the high status of their mission.

The Annunciation story allows the artist to release all of his or her imagination in depicting the status of the message Gabriel was sent to bring. In Simon Bening's depiction, Gabriel, as well as Mary, is under the radiance of the Holy Spirit. The archangel wears a crown and bears a staff or scepter, and his magnificent cope is upheld in the front by a small angel, with a whole team of small angels bearing the train! He approaches Mary from on high, from a raised area at least two steps above the ground floor where her chair, bench and knitting are situated. The setting is both a temple (and the "glory of the Lord filled the Temple" as in Solomon's day) and a home, where Mary has her knitting basket and favorite chair.

Although Mary, intent in her meditation, does not see all the angelic magnificence that is approaching, we at least are primed for a very significant message: "Hail, Full of Grace! The Lord is with Thee!"

Bening Annunciation
Simon Bening, illuminator (Flemish, about 1483 - 1561)
The Annunciation, about 1525 - 1530, Tempera colors, gold paint, and gold leaf on parchment
Leaf: 16.8 x 11.4 cm (6 5/8 x 4 1/2 in.)
The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, Ms. Ludwig IX 19, fol. 13v

Monday, September 22, 2014

Pondering the Angelus

In artistic representations of the Annunciation, Mary's attitude is always primary. All history is, literally, hanging on her words! Each artist takes pains to highlight this using the tools available: setting, lighting, furnishings, posture.  The depiction by Fra Carnavale (below) is fairly unique in being set not in Mary's private room or in an enclosed portico, but outside, albeit in a courtyard. The architecture seems to dominate the scene in a way that almost overwhelms the figures of Gabriel and Mary. The white dove, barely distinguishable from the clouds, soars over the narrow doorway (or perhaps from that open doorway on the left) to shower new grace upon the unveiled Virgin. The setting may be fairly unusual, but her response is familiar: "Be it done to me."

 Fra Carnevale, Annunciation, Samuel H Kress Collection, National Gallery of Art

Monday, September 15, 2014

Pondering the Angelus

Today's feast of Our Lady of Sorrows puts a poignant spin on our praying of the Angelus. It is clearer today that Gabriel's words ("The Lord God will give him the throne of David his father") do not presage an untroubled life and an easy victory for the one whom Mary will conceive and bear.

The image this week, in keeping with the feast, is not that of the Annunciation itself, but of the moment when Gabriel's message was made known to the wider world: the Nativity. The shadow of the Cross stands ready to receive Mary's child when the Hour comes. The depiction is by German priest and artist, Sieger Köder, well known for "hiding" images in his images. In this Nativity, look for the inscription INRI, which Pontius Pilate will order placed on his Cross: "Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews."

In the Angelus today, pray for parents who must witness the terrible sufferings of their children, especially in situations of war.

Posters, cards and meditation books on the art of Sieger Köder are available from Pauline Books & Media, UK.

Monday, September 8, 2014

Pondering the Angelus

The opening scene of the Angelus prayer is perhaps the Bible scene most frequently depicted in art, even more frequently than the Crucifixion. This stunning array of perspectives may help us to renew the powerful tradition of pausing three times a day to recall those central words of the Creed: "For us men and for our salvation, he came down from heaven, and by the Holy Spirit was incarnate of the Virgin Mary and became man."

The Angelus Project looks forward now to featuring a different Annunciation scene every week, at times with a brief reflection on the work. We start with the Bouts Annunciation, from the J. Paul Getty Museum, as appreciated by Bill Viola: "It speaks to me..."

Dieric Bouts (Netherlandish, about 1415 - 1475)
The Annunciation, about 1450 - 1455
Distemper on linen, Unframed: 90 x 74.5 cm (35 7/16 x 29 3/8 in.)
Framed: 100.3 x 85.6 x 6.7 cm (39 1/2 x 33 11/16 x 2 5/8 in.)
The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles